Pharmacology II

Course Content from McGraw-Hill
Course Number: PHARM102
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This course continues the study of pharmacology. Several major body systems are covered, including the cardiovascular, urinary, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and reproductive systems, with particular emphasis on the endocrine and immune systems. The components and functions of each of these systems are reviewed, along with diseases and conditions that affect them. The drugs that are used to treat such conditions are studied with respect to their mechanisms of action, therapeutic effects, and adverse effects. As students work through this course, their understanding of the ways in which drugs act on the body will improve.

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3
college credits
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Self Paced
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Medical
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Course Objectives

After completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Relate the structure and function of the heart to the actions and adverse effects of drugs used to treat congestive heart failure and blood pressure.
  • Describe the normal cardiac cycle, common cardiac arrhythmias, and actions and adverse effects of drugs used to treat cardiac arrhythmias and angina pectoris. 
  • Explain the mechanisms of action of coagulants and anticoagulants, causes and treatment of anemia, and the mechanisms of the actions of various hypolipidemic drugs and their adverse effects. 
  • Analyze the structure and function of the kidneys, their effect on other body systems, and the actions and side effects of diuretics. 
  • Relate the nature of allergic reactions to the use of antiallergic and antihistaminic drugs, and explain the actions of drugs used to treat respiratory diseases. 
  • Examine the actions, adverse effects, and interactions of drugs used to treat hyperacidity, gastroesophageal reflux disease, vomiting, ulcers, simple diarrhea, and laxatives and cathartics. 
  • List and explain clinical indications and contraindications, administration, and drug interactions of growth hormones, thyroid hormones, and adrenal steroids. 
  • Evaluate the clinical uses, actions, adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions of the female and male sex hormones. 
  • Relate the functions of hormones produced in the thyroid and parathyroid gland to their clinical uses. 
  • Relate the action of insulin and glucagon to the treatment of diabetes, and explain the aspects of drug administration including adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions. 
  • Explain the adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions of thyroid and parathyroid hormones. 
  • Explain how antiseptics and disinfectants work to prevent infection, the actions of antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral drugs in fighting infections, and their adverse effects, contraindications, and interactions. 
  • Explain the actions of antiprotozoal and antiparasitic drugs in fighting infections, and explain their adverse effects, contraindications, and interactions.
  • Describe the characteristics and types of cancer and the actions and effects of drugs used to treat cancer. 
  • Relate the action of insulin and glucagon to the treatment of diabetes, and explain the aspects of drug administration including adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions.
Topic Lesson Topic Subtopics Objectives
1 Functioning of the Heart and Blood Pressure
•    Heart Structure and Function
•    Congestive Heart Failure
•    Blood Pressure and Hypertension
•    Drugs Used to Treat Congestive Heart Failure and Hypertension    
   
•    Relate the structure of the heart to its functioning.
•    Analyze the condition of congestive heart failure and the body's natural response to it.
•    Relate physiological factors, including kidney function, to blood pressure.
•    Analyze drug therapy in relation to congestive heart failure and hypertension, including pharmacological actions and adverse effects of various drugs.

2 Cardiac Disorders
•    Cardiac Arrhythmia
•    Angina Pectoris    
•    Examine the normal cardiac cycle and differentiate between common cardiac arrhythmias.
•    Relate the four different classes of antiarrhythmic drugs to their action mechanisms and adverse effects.
•    Describe the common causes of two main types of angina pectoris.
•    Explain the mechanisms of action, routes of administration, and adverse effects of antianginal drugs.





3 Blood Clotting, Anemia, and Lipids •    Anticoagulants and Coagulants
•    Anemia
•    Lipids    
•    Relate the actions of coagulants and anticoagulants to the natural process of formation and dissolution of blood clots.
•    Analyze the mechanisms of action of coagulants and anticoagulants, routes of administration, interactions, and treatment for an overdose.
•    Compare and contrast the various causes of anemia and their appropriate treatment.
•    Explain the side effects and special considerations in the treatment of anemia.
•    Analyze the sources and uses of dietary lipids, their normal blood levels, and the health effects of hyperlipidemia.
•    Evaluate the mechanisms of action of various hypolipidemic drugs with specific reference to their adverse effects.

4 Diuretics

•    Kidney Function
•    Diuretics    

•    Examine the structure and functions of the kidneys.
•    Analyze the conditions associated with renal dysfunction.
•    Relate diuretics to their mechanisms of action.
•    Explain the side effects of diuretics.
5 Respiratory System •    Allergies and Respiratory Diseases
•    Drugs Used to Treat Allergies and Respiratory Diseases    
 
•    Describe the body's response to antigens and the actions of histamine.
•    Analyze the causes, processes, and effects of respiratory diseases.
•    Compare and contrast antiallergic and antihistaminic drugs with specific reference to their adverse reactions, drug interactions, and contraindications in the treatment of allergies and respiratory diseases.
•    Assess antiinflammatory drugs, bronchodilators, expectorants, and mucolytics in the treatment of respiratory diseases.

6 Gastrointestinal Disorders and Intestinal Motility
•    Digestion
•    Drugs Used to Treat Digestive Disorders
•    Intestinal Motility Disorders    
 

•    Analyze the normal process of digestion and describe ulcer formation, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and vomiting.
•    Compare and contrast the actions of drugs used to treat ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and vomiting. Examine their mechanisms of action, adverse effects, contraindications, and interactions.
•    Analyze the causes and effects of diarrhea and explain the actions of drugs used to treat simple diarrhea and their contraindications.
•    List the appropriate clinical uses of laxatives and cathartics and explain their actions, routes of administration, adverse effects, and contraindications.
•    Discuss irritable bowel syndrome and how this condition is treated.

7 Endocrine System and Steroids
•    Hormones
•    Growth Hormone
•    Adrenal Steroids
•    Adrenal Steriods as Drugs    
  
•    Relate hormone production to its functions.
•    Examine the function of growth hormone replacement therapy, its clinical use, and adverse effects.
•    Analyze the effects of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids and the effects of deficiency of these hormones.
•    Explain the clinical indications and contraindications, administration, adverse effects, and drug interactions of adrenal steroids.
8 Hormones and Reproduction •    Female Sex Hormones
•    Labor and Breast-Feeding
•    Male Sex Hormones    
    
•    Summarize the clinical uses, actions, and routes of administration of female sex hormones.
•    Evaluate the adverse effects of female sex hormones and the risks of hormone replacement therapy.
•    Relate the actions of oxytocin to its clinical uses and describe its adverse effects.
•    Summarize the clinical uses, actions, and routes of administration of male sex hormones.
•    Explain the adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions of male sex hormones.
9 Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands •    Thyroid Hormones
•    Parathyroid Hormone and Other Factors that Influence Calcium    
•    Relate the functions of hormones produced in the thyroid gland to their clinical uses.
•    Examine the adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions of drugs used to treat thyroid conditions.
•    Relate the functions of the hormone produced in the parathyroid gland to its clinical uses.
•    Evaluate drugs used to treat parathyroid conditions and degenerative bone disorders.
10 Pancreatic Hormones
•    Diabetes
•    Drug Therapy    
•    Assess the contribution of insulin and glucagon toward the maintenance of healthy blood glucose levels and describe the two types of diabetes.
•    Differentiate the actions of drugs used in the treatment of diabetes, including insulin, oral hypoglycemics, biguanide, insulin sensitizers, and glucose absorption inhibitors.
•    Compare and contrast the sources, routes of administration, and dosages of various drugs used to treat diabetes.
•    Examine the adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions of various drugs used to treat diabetes.
11 Immune System
•    Immune System
•    Drug Actions    
 

•    Relate types of immune cells to their functions and actions.
•    Analyze the mechanisms of action of immunostimulant and immunosuppressive drugs and their uses and adverse effects.

12 Bacterial, Fungal, and Viral Infections •    Antiseptics and Disinfectants
•    Antibacterial Drugs
•    Antifungal Drugs
•    Viral Diseases and Antiviral Drugs
  
•    Describe the mechanisms of action of antiseptics and disinfectants and explain how they are used.
•    Recommend appropriate uses of antiseptics and disinfectants, taking into account adverse and toxic effects.
•    Differentiate the specific uses, mechanisms of action, and routes of administration for major groups of antibacterial drugs.
•    Analyze adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions for major groups of antibiotic and antimicrobial drugs.
•    Differentiate the specific uses, mechanisms of action, and routes of administration for major groups of antifungal drugs.
•    Examine the adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions for major groups of antifungal drugs.
•    Describe the propagation of viruses and the mechanisms of action of antiviral drugs.
•    Assess the value and contribution of drugs used to treat influenza, herpes, and AIDS.
•    Analyze adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions for antiviral drugs.
13 Parasitic Infections
•    Protozoal Infections
•    Helminthic Infections    
 
•    Compare and contrast diseases caused by protozoal infection.
•    Differentiate the mechanism of action, routes of administration, adverse effects, contraindications, and interactions of drugs used to treat protozoal infections.
•    Describe diseases caused by parasitic worms.
•    Analyze the mechanism of action of drugs used to treat parasitic worm infections and their adverse effects and drug interactions.
14 Cancer
•    Types of Cancer
•    Drug Therapy
•    Adverse Effects    
•    Relate types of cancer to their characteristics.
•    Differentiate the mechanisms of action of alkylating and antimetabolite drugs.
•    Explain the actions of other drugs used to treat cancer.
•    Examine the adverse effects of drugs used to treat cancer.

15 Course Review •   Review •    Review of the course topics

StraighterLine suggests, though does not require, that students take Pharmacology I or its equivalent before enrolling in Pharmacology II.

Required Textbook: This course has assigned reading.

Title: Pharmacology: An Introduction eTextbook

ISBN: 9780077800314

Our Price: $40.64

Assigned reading material as part of taking this online course.
bookshelfWith every purchase of an eTextbook through StraighterLine, students have access to their texts via the Bookshelf App which syncs to their course, provides offline access for studying on the go, and more.
-OR-
book cover

Pharmacology, 6e by Hitner/Nagle is incredibly readable, with short chapters that link theory to practice; content that is focused on the need-to-know information to not overload the reader; excellent tables and features such as Patient Administration and Monitoring Boxes. This new edition now has a 4-color design with all new photos and illustrations. Chapter reviews have been revisited to add additional problem types and an exercise progression from simple to complex. The full suite of instructor materials is available. Hitner 6e has Connect Plus, including LearnSmart: Pharmacology, body system and pharmacology animations, Top 250 Prescribed Drugs, Dosage Calculations Exercises, and more.

Hitner, Henry and Barbara Nagle. Pharmacology: An Introduction, 6th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2011. ISBN: 9780073520865

StraighterLine provides a percentage score and letter grade for each course. A passing percentage is 70% or higher.

If you have chosen a Partner College to award credit for this course, your final grade will be based upon that college's grading scale. Only passing scores will be considered by Partner Colleges for an award of credit.

There are a total of 1000 points in the course:

Topic Assessment Points Available
4
Graded Exam #1 125
7
Graded Exam #2
125
7 Graded Midterm Exam 200
11
Graded Exam #3 125
14
Graded Exam #4 125
15 Final Graded Exam
300
Total
1000

You are required to take an online proctored final exam in order to be eligible for transfer credit. You can take your proctored final exam at home or anywhere you have access to a webcam with a microphone and a reliable, high-speed internet connection. For additional questions, please refer to the FAQ on Online Proctoring or contact your student advisors at 877-787-8375.

This course continues the study of pharmacology. Several major body systems are covered, including the cardiovascular, urinary, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and reproductive systems, with particular emphasis on the endocrine and immune systems. The components and functions of each of these systems are reviewed, along with diseases and conditions that affect them. The drugs that are used to treat such conditions are studied with respect to their mechanisms of action, therapeutic effects, and adverse effects. As students work through this course, their understanding of the ways in which drugs act on the body will improve.

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