Pharmacology I

Course Content from McGraw-Hill
Course Number: PHARM101
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This course introduces pharmacology as the study of drugs. The course begins with an explanation of therapeutic and adverse effects, in addition to the basic operation of the nervous system. Then, several body systems and the conditions that affect them are reviewed, with particular reference to the use of drugs to treat these conditions. Topics include muscle relaxants, anesthetics, pain medication, and nervous system and psychological disorders. As students work through this course, their appreciation of how drugs affect the body in intended and unintended ways will increase.

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3
college credits
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Self Paced
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Medical
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24 Reviews
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  • 10/3/14 by maryahrebecca
    This was a good course, it takes some studying and critical thinking skills but it definitely helped broaden my understanding of the pharmacological world. It was harder than I was expecting, but not too difficult. I would recommend a good knowledge of physiology before doing this course simply because it would make it easier. However, that's not necessary.
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  • 9/2/14 by brendao
    This was much more detailed that the pharm I took in nursing school.
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  • 8/8/14 by rebekal
    It was a great course. One of the best I've taken with Straighterline.
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  • 8/8/14 by rebekal
    It was a great course. One of the best I've taken with Straighterline.
    Content Rating
    Overall Rating
  • 3/10/14 by maryahrebecca
    This was a good course, it takes some studying and critical thinking skills but it definitely helped broaden my understanding of the pharmacological world. It was harder than I was expecting, but not too difficult. I would recommend a good knowledge of physiology before doing this course simply because it would make it easier. However, that's not necessary.
    Content Rating
    Overall Rating
  • 2/9/14 by brendao
    This was much more detailed that the pharm I took in nursing school.
    Content Rating
    Overall Rating
  • 8/11/13 by HyungLee-7
    It was a really nice introductory course. One issue I had was that many test questions were confusing and debatable.
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  • 8/3/13 by jbryson9
    I really enjoyed exploring this topic and I liked how the information was presented.
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  • 5/24/13 by nickhg81
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  • 5/19/13 by jacque.steffen
    Unless you have a very strong science background, you will not do well in this course. Even with a strong background in science you MUST be able to teach yourself. I have a BS in Biochemistry and I found this course challenging.
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  • 5/15/13 by timchantm
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  • 12/18/12 by jtla23
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  • 11/3/12 by nurse2b
    I enjoyed the course content and presentation.
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  • 10/18/12 by bjohnson20
    I like the aspect of being able to take your time in doing the course materials.
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  • 9/22/12 by nurse2b
    I enjoyed the course content and presentation.
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  • 8/17/12 by bjohnson20
    I like the aspect of being able to take your time in doing the course materials.
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  • 8/13/12 by nishla12000
    I liked that it was self paced so you can go as fast or slow as you want
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  • 3/14/12 by nishla12000
    I liked that it was self paced so you can go as fast or slow as you want
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  • 2/4/11 by abowen52
     
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  • 2/4/11 by amaechiozor
     
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  • 2/4/11 by jenntalley69
     
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  • 8/10/08 by abowen52
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  • 8/9/08 by amaechiozor
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  • 8/8/08 by jenntalley69
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Course Objectives

After completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Relate drug terminology to their appropriate definitions, and analyze aspects of drug actions, effects, and responses.
  • Evaluate individual variation factors to drug responses, and explain drug interaction, dependence, and abuse. 
  • Solve dosage calculation problems involving fractions, decimals, percents, ratios, proportions and using the metric, apothecary, and household measurement systems. 
  • Evaluate the contribution of nutrients towards maintaining normal body function, and explain nutrition deficiency, drug and supplement interaction, and effects of supplement overdose. 
  • Describe brain structure and functioning, and explain how various parts of the brain regulate organ function. 
  • Examine the functioning of the autonomic nervous system and the stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. 
  • Evaluate how drugs increase or reduce the sympathetic, parasympathetic, and autonomic nervous system activities. 
  • Explain how muscle relaxants act on the body and assess their effects and adverse effects. 
  • Compare and contrast general and local anesthetics with reference to their routes of administration, mechanisms of action, effects, and adverse effects. 
  • Evaluate the contribution of opioid analgesics towards pain alleviation, and assess their effects and adverse effects. 
  • Assess the types of nonopioid analgesics and their dosages, and relate the effects of these drugs to the treatment of inflammation and gout. 
  • List types of epilepsy and symptoms and causes of Parkinson's disease, and explain the actions and adverse effects of drugs used to treat these disorders. 
  • Analyze the various types of mental disorders and evaluate the effects of antipsychotic, antianxiety, antidepressant, and antimanic drugs. 
  • Analyze the mechanisms of hypnotic and psychotomimetic drug action, compare and contrast the effects of barbiturates and benzodiazepines, and examine the potential abuse of psychotomimetic drugs. 
  • List types of epilepsy and symptoms and causes of Parkinson's disease, and explain the actions and adverse effects of drugs used to treat these disorders.
Topic Lesson Topic Subtopics Objectives
1 Basics of Pharmacology
•    Drug Terminology
•    Drug Effects
•    Drug Actions
•    Drug Response    
•    Relate the basic drug terminology used in pharmacology to its appropriate definition.
•    Analyze the effects that a drug can produce in the body with specific reference to therapeutic effect, side effect, and toxic effect.
•    Evaluate what happens when a drug is ingested into the human body with reference to the processes of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.
•    Analyze the response of a drug in the human body with reference to half-life, blood drug levels, and bioavailability.
2 Factors Affecting Drug Action •    Individual Variability and Drug Interaction
•    Drug Dependence and Abuse
•    Pediatric Pharmacology
•    Geriatric Pharmacology    
•    Analyze the factors that influence drug response in individuals and explain how individual variability is different from drug interaction.
•    Distinguish between drug dependence and abuse with respect to the reasons for taking the drug.
•    Evaluate drug actions in pediatric patients and propose appropriate drug administration methods.
•    Evaluate drug actions in elderly patients and propose appropriate drug administration methods.



3 Dosage Calculations •    Fractions, Decimals, and Percents
•    Systems of Measurements
•    Ratios and Proportions
•    Solutions and IV
•    Solve problems using fractions, decimals, and percents.
•    Solve dosage calculation problems using metric, apothecary, and household systems of measurement.
•    Solve dosage calculation problems using ratios and proportions.
•    Solve dosage calculation problems for solutions and intravenous infusions.

4 Nutrition and Fluids

• Nutrients
• Deficiency
• Adverse Effects

•    Differentiate the functions of various nutrients in maintaining normal body function.
•    Analyze nutrient deficiency with relation to recommended levels of nutrients and symptoms of deficiency.
•    Analyze the effects of supplement overdose and drug-supplement interactions.
•    Propose treatment plans for deficiency diseases.

5 Central Nervous System •    Central Nervous System Structure
•    Organ Function    
•    Examine the structure of the human brain and explain the functions of its various parts.
•    Evaluate the role of the brain's various parts in regulating organ functions.

6 Autonomic Nervous System •    Autonomic Nervous System Functioning
•    Parasympathetic Stimulation    

•    Illustrate the functions of the autonomic nervous system, including the role of neurotransmitters.
•    Examine the effects of parasympathetic stimulation.

7 Nervous System Drugs •    Effects of Drugs on the Sympathetic Nervous System
•    Effects of Drugs on the Parasympathetic Nervous System
•    Effects of Drugs on the Autonomic Ganglia    
•    Evaluate the role of norepinephrine and epinephrine on alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors.
•    Analyze how drugs act to reduce sympathetic activity.
•    Assess the role of acetylcholine on the parasympathetic nervous system.
•    Distinguish between drugs that produce ganglionic stimulation and ganglionic blockade with respect to their effects and adverse effects.
•    Analyze how drugs act to reduce parasympathetic activity.
8 Muscle Relaxants •    Muscle Activity
•    Muscle Relaxants    
•    Describe the process of muscle relaxation and contraction.
•    Distinguish among the various types of muscle relaxants with reference to their mechanism of action, route of administration, clinical indications, and effects.
•    Relate the various types of muscle relaxants to their adverse effects and drug interactions.
9 Anesthetics
•    General Anesthetics
•    Local Anesthetics
•    Administration
•    Excretion
•    Side Effects and Adverse Effects
•    Sequence the stages of general anesthesia with specific reference to the action of drug adjuncts.
•    Analyze the mechanism of action of local anesthetics and their effect on the heart.
•    Compare and contrast the routes of administration for various general and local anesthetics.
•    Compare and contrast the ways in which general and local anesthetics are excreted from the body.
•    Compare and contrast the side effects and adverse effects of general and local anesthetics.

10 Opioid Analgesics •    Effects of Opioid Analgesics
•    Other Effects of Opioid Analgesics
•    Adverse Effects and Drug Interactions
•    List the sources of opioid analgesics and relate their effects to the physiology of pain.
•    Examine the actions of opioid analgesics as antitussives on the smooth muscles, cardiovascular system, and eyes.
•    Explain the mechanism of action of opioid analgesics.
•    Analyze the most common adverse effects and drug interactions of opioid analgesics and explain opioid poisoning and opioid antagonists.

11 Nonopioid Drugs for Pain, Inflammation, and Gout
•    Nonopioid Analgesics
•    Inflammation
•    Gout   

•    Evaluate the various types of nonopioid analgesics and recommend correct doses of these drugs for adults.
•    Explain the absorption, metabolism, and adverse effects of nonopioid analgesics.
•    Select appropriate pain relief drugs for various types of inflammation.
•    Assess the treatment of acute gout with relation to the characteristics of the disease, drug actions, and drug interactions.

12 Nervous System Disorders •    Epilepsy
•    Parkinson's Disease    
•    Evaluate the characteristics of various types of epilepsy with reference to generalized or partial seizures.
•    List the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and evaluate its causes.
•    Select the correct drugs to treat epilepsy in terms of their mechanisms of action and adverse effects.
•    Select appropriate drugs to treat Parkinson's disease based on drug actions, interactions, and adverse effects.

13 Psychological Disorders •    Mental Disorders
•    Antipsychotic Drugs
•    Antianxiety Drugs
•    Antidepressants
•    Antimanic Drugs    
•    Compare and contrast the various antipsychotic drugs in terms of their effects and adverse effects.
•    Distinguish among the various antianxiety drugs in terms of their mechanisms of action, effects, and adverse effects.
•    Evaluate the similarities and differences between the major antidepressant drugs, including psychomotor stimulants, with reference to their mechanisms of action, effects, relevant dietary restrictions, and adverse effects.
•    Examine the mechanisms of action, effects, and adverse effects of lithium as an antimanic drug.
•    Classify mental disorders as psychoses, neuroses, and mood disorders

14 Sedative-Hypnotic and Psychotomimetic Drugs •    Sedative-Hypnotic Drugs
•    Psychotomimetic Drugs    
•    Analyze the role of hypnotic drugs in relation to the sleep cycle and describe their adverse effects.
•    Analyze the mechanisms of action of various psychotomimetic drugs.
•    Compare and contrast barbiturates and benzodiazepines in terms of their mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, adverse effects, contraindications, and drug interactions.
•    Compare various psychotomimetic drugs with reference to their tolerance and dependency and treatment for intoxication.

15 Course Review •   Review •    Review of the course topics

There are no prerequisites to take Pharmacology I.

Required Textbook: This course has assigned reading.

Title: Pharmacology: An Introduction eTextbook

ISBN: 9780077800314

Our Price: $40.64

Assigned reading material as part of taking this online course.
bookshelfWith every purchase of an eTextbook through StraighterLine, students have access to their texts via the Bookshelf App which syncs to their course, provides offline access for studying on the go, and more.
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book cover

Pharmacology, 6e by Hitner/Nagle is incredibly readable, with short chapters that link theory to practice; content that is focused on the need-to-know information to not overload the reader; excellent tables and features such as Patient Administration and Monitoring Boxes. This new edition now has a 4-color design with all new photos and illustrations. Chapter reviews have been revisited to add additional problem types and an exercise progression from simple to complex. The full suite of instructor materials is available. Hitner 6e has Connect Plus, including LearnSmart: Pharmacology, body system and pharmacology animations, Top 250 Prescribed Drugs, Dosage Calculations Exercises, and more.

Hitner, Henry and Barbara Nagle. Pharmacology: An Introduction, 6th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2011. ISBN: 9780073520865

StraighterLine provides a percentage score and letter grade for each course. A passing percentage is 70% or higher.

If you have chosen a Partner College to award credit for this course, your final grade will be based upon that college's grading scale. Only passing scores will be considered by Partner Colleges for an award of credit.

There are a total of 1000 points in the course:

Topic Assessment Points Available
3
Graded Exam #1 125
7
Graded Exam #2
125
7 Graded Midterm Exam 200
11
Graded Exam #3 125
14
Graded Exam #4 125
15 Final Graded Exam
300
Total
1000

Final Proctored Exam

The final exam is developed to assess the knowledge you learned taking this course. All students are required to take an online proctored final exam in order complete the course and be eligible for transfer credit.

Learn more about Proctored Exams

This course introduces pharmacology as the study of drugs. The course begins with an explanation of therapeutic and adverse effects, in addition to the basic operation of the nervous system. Then, several body systems and the conditions that affect them are reviewed, with particular reference to the use of drugs to treat these conditions. Topics include muscle relaxants, anesthetics, pain medication, and nervous system and psychological disorders. As students work through this course, their appreciation of how drugs affect the body in intended and unintended ways will increase.

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